The process of making pottery takes place through the hand, and it can be made with clay, where clay and water are mixed with each other, then the temperature of the mixture is reduced, and excess water is removed, so pottery models are placed in the hand, and through the fingers of the hand, especially the thumb, pottery is formed, and it spread This method was used by the Japanese, and flat slabs were used on which rectangular bowls were made, by using clay albumen as an adhesive, and long clay rolls witnessed a great development, as they are made by means of long rolls on top of each other, wrapped in a circular shape in the form of layers compact, then the sides are flattened to obtain the final coherent shape, and this method has been used in the manufacture of many beautiful utensils since ancient times.
Pottery is made by bringing wrapped clay and then polishing it, so that this clay is polished through a wheel, and this wheel has been used in Egypt since about 4000 years BC, as it is shaped by this tool and with the help of human hands, and this piece is also decorated Then put it to dry before entering it into the oven, and the amount of heat needed by the pottery depends on the amount and number of paint used in the industry, and there are two types of heat used, namely: the heat that helps in miniaturization and conversion, that is, that helps reduce oxygen, and the heat used to oxidize the mixture, and helps These two types add colors to the pottery, such as: orange, red, and black.
There are types of pottery that have been made since ancient times, including the following:
- Geometric pottery: This pottery is made based on different geometric shapes, and it is one of the oldest methods in which pottery was made, as it was made from 700-900 BC.
- Corinthian pottery: Where this pottery is made by adopting the Corinthian drawing, which contains drawings in the form of animals, and it was manufactured by Asians, as its manufacture dates back to the seventh and eighth centuries BC.
- Red and black pottery: This pottery was named red or black, due to the color of the numbers inscribed on this pottery, as it was manufactured in Athens since 480 BC.